Deepak Chopra defined stress as, “the accumulation of normal and abnormal pressures of daily living that test the individual’s ability to cope.”.  Chopra also stated that stress is “a major cause of disease and even death”. Coping with stress has been defined as “conscious efforts that individuals adopt to manage specific internal and/or external demands that are appraised as taxing or exceeding their coping resources”.  Regulation under stress is how individuals regulate their behaviour, cognition, emotion and physiology under conditions of psychological stress. 

For human beings to work effectively, a series of stressors need to be managed.  Occupational stress can result from an individual’s inability to cope with pressures because of a poor fit between their abilities and work requirements.

Resilience and perseverance in the face of stressors can help individuals to build confidence.  Appropriate stress helps an individual to adapt and grow as a person. Inappropriate stress, however, serves no useful purpose and may result in disease.

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